Nicaragua

Ventura ships Archetype miniseries

[image: Ventura Cigars]

[image: Ventura Cigars]

Ventura Cigars announced that the Archetype Mini-series is shipping to American tobacconists. The line includes three cigars (Crystals, Curses, and Cloaks) and made its debut at July’s IPCPR trade show in Las Vegas.

All the cigars are made in a 5x50 format and feature Nicaraguan fillers and binders. The Crystals feature sun grown Habano wrapper, Curses has Connecticut Broadleaf wrapper, while Cloaks features Broadleaf, but is the only box-pressed Robusto in the line. All these cigars carry an MSRP of $9.

“We invite Archetype enthusiasts to be sure to check out all three cigars in the mini-series,” said Ventura GM Michael Giannini in a press release. “If you enjoy Archetype, you’ll relish Crystals, Curses, and Cloaks. And if you haven’t tried an Archetype cigar yet, the mini-series is a great place to start. Like a good story, you can always go back to re-read the beginning.”

Drew Estate ships this year’s Pappy Van Winkle Tradition release

The Pappy Van Winkle Tradition — which honors Julian Van Winkle, founder of the legendary Old Rip Van Winkle Distillery — has shipped to retailers nationwide in coordination with the release of the distillery’s coveted Bourbon and Rye. The annual release from Drew Estate brings one of the most revered named in whiskey into the world of premium cigars. The Tradition features an Ecuadorian Habano Oscuro wrapper, Indonesian binder and fillers from Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic.

 
 

”The Pappy Van Winkle Tradition is an ultra-complex cigar that honors the history and craftsmanship of the Pappy Van Winkle bourbon. We chose to age these cigars an additional year for this release, as Willy Herrera wanted to amplify the smoothness,” said Drew Estate founder Jonathan Drew in a press release.

The cigar is available in five formats: Coronita (4 x 46), Robusto Grande (5 ½ x 54), Toro (6 x 50), Belicoso Fino (5 x 50) and Churchill (a 7 x 48 available exclusively at Drew Diplomat spirits retailers). 10-count boxes range in price from $145.97 to $245.97.

Drew Estate releases Liga Privada 10 - Year Aniversario

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Drew Estate announced the launch of Liga Privada 10 - Year Aniversario. As the name suggests, this product marks the 10-year anniversary of Drew Estate’s sought-after Liga Privada lines.

The cigar features a Connecticut-grown Criollo wrapper, a San Adrés binder, and fillers from Nicaragua and Honduras.

This cigar, which comes in a 6 x 52 Toro format, will be packaged in 10-count boxes. It has a fishtail cap and a covered foot. The MSRP for a box is set at $179.00. Robusto, Corona Doble, and Torpedo sizes are on the way.

Drew Estate announces Liga Privada H99 Connecticut Corojo

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Drew Estate announced the release of Liga Privada H99 Connecticut Corojo, which will be added to the celebrated Liga Privada lineup that includes No. 9 and T52. The new cigar will make its debut at the IPCPR trade show in Las Vegas this weekend.

H99 features a Corojo wrapper grown in the Connecticut River Valley, a San Andrés binder and fillers from Nicaragua and Honduras. The 6 x 52 cigar will be packaged in 24-count boxes that carry an MSRP of $343.92 per box. Drew Estate’s announcement of the product notes that the company plans to add additional vitolas.

Nicaragua on the brink: political unrest, the path to peace and what it means for Estelí and premium cigars

April 2018 will be remembered as the month social and political upheaval brought tensions to a violent head in Nicaragua. Now the Nicaraguan people, the cigar industry, and the world are waiting to see whether things take a turn for the better or collapse even further.

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When you tune into the nightly news or scroll through online articles in your social media feeds, you’re probably not seeing a whole lot about Nicaragua. Let’s bring you up to speed. First the short version, then the long.

The short version: The shit has hit the fan.

Predictably, the long version is also more complicated. For the sake of context, you might need some background information on the country’s history and where the Nicaraguan government comes from. Almost all of this hinges on one guy, 72-year-old Nicaraguan president Daniel Ortega. Ortega joined the Sandinista National Liberation Front (or FSLN, the Spanish abbreviation) when he was a student in 1963. He was arrested in 1967 for insurrectionist activities and released in 1974, at which point he made his way to Cuba for some guerrilla warfare training from the Castros. By the time the FSLN overthrew Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1979, he had risen through the ranks of the movement and was tapped to join the junta that ran Nicaragua’s provisional government after the coup.

In 1984, Ortega won a presidential election with more than 60 percent of the vote. His presidency was characterized, in part, by the typical Marxist move of nationalizing businesses. This is a period you’ll hear the old guard of Nicaraguan cigar making refer to as the biggest, most dangerous hurdle they’ve faced this side of Pinar del Río. Ortega remained in office from 1985 to 1990, when a free election brokered as part of the peace agreement that ended yet another civil war (this one between Ortega’s government and the Contras you’ve heard so much about) brought Violeta Chamorro into the presidency.

Ortega was out of office, but he wasn’t out of politics. So active was his opposition that he came back to run for president three times — unsuccessfully in 1996 and 2001, then winning in 2006 and every five years after that. In that election, though, he won only 38 percent of the vote (the runner up had 29) and moderated his policy stances to a form of democratic socialism.

Though Ortega toned down his Marxism, he didn’t go too far in loosening his kung-fu grip on power once he had his hands back on the wheel. Case in point, in his most recent electoral victory in 2016, he got more than 70 percent of the vote in a highly suspect election that was criticized for barring independent observers. That in a country that is currently on the brink of yet another civil war to unseat him less than two years later.

SO WHAT’S IT ABOUT THIS TIME?

Nicaragua has 19 active volcanoes. I was always a terrible student, so I don’t remember how real volcanoes work. In the interest of not abandoning this metaphor — Nicaragua even has volcanoes on its flag — let’s imagine Nicaragua as one of those science fair volcanoes you pour stuff into until it erupts.

The first ingredient into the volcano is also the one that took the longest to create: a general lack of confidence in the state as having Nicaraguans’ best interests in mind. This might seem silly. After all, who the hell really thinks they can count on politics? But the Sandinista movement is fresh enough in Nicaragua’s history that there is still a generation that remembers the sacrifices it made to bring Ortega and the FSLN to power all those decades ago.

“There’s an important distinction to be made here,” said Juan Martínez of Joya de Nicaragua Cigars. “A large chunk of the population continues to identify as Sandinista in ideology and beliefs. Despite that, the Sandinistas who today call themselves Sandinistas in the sense that they’re affiliated with the party and are Orteguistas are more politically active, but they’re a minority. Not all [ideological] Sandinistas are in favor of what the government is doing now. That includes some of the historic Sandinistas who founded the party and are not in favor of the government reopening wounds of violence and bloodshed in Nicaragua.”

The second ingredient, strangely enough, is a forest fire. See, at some point the Ortega government decided that it should team up with Chinese telecoms billionaire Wang Jing to build a new Central American canal in Nicaragua. The idea was to have it run near the southern border, cutting across the narrow stretch of land between the Pacific Ocean and the massive Lake Cocibolca before starting up again along the eastern half of the Nicaraguan-Costa Rican border.

But as the plans got shaky and Wang Jing’s ability to hold up his end of the deal became less certain, environmentalists began to make noise about the fact that the project would do damage to the Indio Maíz Nature Reserve.

“That was a huge issue. A lot of protests,” said Nicholas Melillo, the Connecticut-born founder of Foundation Cigar Co. who first arrived in Estelí in 2003. “And a week before all of this got out of control in April, there were massive forest fires in the Indio Maíz Reserve.”

“We are an absolute exception to the rule in Nicaragua. Throughout the country — in tourism, the service industry, every other sector — business has been affected.”
— Juan Martínez, Joya de NIcaragua

Managua newspaper La Prensa reported that two experts agreed the fires were started intentionally and without any kind of control in place. In other words, either someone was being careless or someone wanted it to spread. About 13,000 of the reserve’s 1.1 million acres were ablaze, and at least some of the Nicaraguan public was convinced enough that they knew who to blame.

“People were outraged and all of a sudden it’s on fire,” Nicholas said. “So there was talk the week before this all got crazy in April that the government had set these fires. I have no idea what evidence there is to support that, but I was down there and this was a big issue of concern. Everybody was talking about the fires of Indio Maiz.”

The protests over Indio Maíz started April 12 with hundreds of marchers. The next ingredient in the science fair volcano came April 18, when an announcement was made that the Ortega regime intended to increase social security taxes while cutting pension payments to the elderly.

The general discontent — having been amplified by the canal issue and now the social security issue — was becoming a bona fide, but relatively modest protest movement. But the final ingredient, the one that would make all the others spill out over the top, was violence. The Ortega government began to respond to these protests with force, particularly through orchestrated attacks by pro-Ortega “Sandinista Youth” groups.

“I’ve seen a lot of protests over the years,” Nicholas said. “This one was different because the protests started and a woman took a video from her house in Managua. In the video you see very clearly trucks of people with brand new white t-shirts get out of the trucks and start beating up the protesters, chasing them down and chasing down the press that was on the scene. And then they jumped back in the trucks and took off. This video spread within two days. Nicaragua is 6 million people and everybody’s got Facebook these days.”

 
 

It’s tough to know how much that particular video, which went up April 18, did to spur the protests, but it and media like it played a role; just two days later, the protest movement had swept the country and the violence against the protesters had escalated. Two people were dead by April 20.

The cycle of civilian protests and violent government response — sometimes through those Sandinista Youth groups, sometimes carried out by police or paramilitaries — has gone on more or less uninterrupted. At the time I’m writing this, the protests have been going on about 60 days. The death toll is about 285. For perspective, that’s more deaths in confrontations between protesters and the Nicaraguan government in 2 months than Venezuela has seen in protests that have been ongoing since 2014.

An anti-government demonstrator uses a slingshot during clashes with riot police at a barricade in the town of Masaya.  (Photo: INTI OCON/AFP/Getty Images)

An anti-government demonstrator uses a slingshot during clashes with riot police at a barricade in the town of Masaya. (Photo: INTI OCON/AFP/Getty Images)

THE ESTELÍ ANOMALY

Throughout, the upheaval, the cigar and tobacco city of Estelí — a bastion of Sandinismo since the early days — has been quiet compared to the rest of the country. There have been protests and deaths and crime, to be sure, but nothing on the scale that the rest of the country is seeing.

“The cigar industry is different,” Juan said. “That’s because 99.9 percent of our product is exported for consumption outside Nicaragua, so our industry has been blessed.”

While the whole country has taken a hit economically, Estelí and its residents have been somewhat shielded from the worst of it because their economy is so connected to consumption of their luxury good by foreigners. A small number of factories, especially larger ones, have run into isolated absenteeism because some employees with long commutes to Estelí haven’t been able to get past the same roadblocks that have been slowing down the transport of cigars and tobacco to ports.

“Our production has been affected by personnel not being able to get to work because of the roadblocks on the highways. Many of our workers commute from outside Estelí,” said Freddy Molina, the general manager at Tabacalera AJ Fernandez. "Not having production at 100 percent means we fall behind on fulfilling orders. For a couple of days, there was no way to get cigars to the airport in Managua. That delayed shipments by three days to a week.”

AJ Fernandez employees have also been let out of work half an hour earlier than normal to help them avoid getting stuck in the protests and other crowds that might form after business hours.

Hiccups aside (some of them big hiccups, to be sure), things have been chugging along in Estelí factories.

“We are an absolute exception to the rule in Nicaragua,” Juan said. “Throughout the country — in tourism, the service industry, every other sector — business has been affected.”

Hotels throughout the country have begun to shut down. At certain points in this stretch, restaurants were reported to have been operating at as little as 15 percent capacity. Flights are arriving to Nicaragua practically empty. In this sense, Estelí is an oasis from the economic doom and gloom being faced by the rest of the country.

“The most important business entity in the country is Grupo Pellas, run by Carlos Pellas,” said Wendy Guido, an alternate assemblywoman for the minority Conservative Party in the National Assembly, Nicaragua’s legislative body. “They own Mukul, the luxury resort which is the largest and most expensive hotel in the country. Pellas has closed it. That gives me the impression that other business owners, especially much smaller ones, will have to do the same.”

Wendy told me that even the hospital the Pellas Group owns has been struggling to keep up with influx of patients after it offered to treat people wounded in the protests. Unemployment, she added, is starting to become an issue in some sectors of the economy.

That the cigar industry’s consumer base is outside the country can go only so far for so long to insulate it and Estelí from the effects of all this instability and uncertainty. Whether cigars and the town that makes them follow the rest of the country down this path will depend on how the political landscape changes and how quickly the state, civic leaders and everyday Nicaraguans can mend the wounds of this latest round of turmoil.

Still, Nicholas remains confident that the people of Estelí recognize the important role the industry has played and won’t let things devolve to the point of putting that industry in jeopardy by antagonizing cigar makers and attacking their businesses.

“Every family [in Estelí] has someone who is working or has worked for the cigar industry. If you take the cigar industry out, where is the fulfillment of jobs? There is no other industry there that can put that many people to work, so people are very conscious that this is how they support themselves and their families,” he said. “It might not be perfect, but the cigar industry has come a long way in its standards, its practices, insurance for employees, education for employees, things of this nature.”

For now, most cigar makers seem to have found ways to make do, especially in the lead up to July’s IPCPR trade show Las Vegas, which premium cigar brands usually treat as the venue for their big reveals of new products. That means that they’ve needed to contend not only with the slowdowns in production, but also with the added complication of shipping product from Nicaragua to Las Vegas in time for the show

“Luckily, we were very prepared,” said Nicholas. “A lot of my booth for the IPCPR was prepared and made in Nicaragua. We got everything through. I was on edge for a while and I was going to be on edge until the shipment hit the States. Shipments are coming through. It’s definitely backed us up and we’re behind a cycle on our shipments. We should be on track over the next couple of months as long as things don’t go crazy again.”

WHERE THINGS GO FROM HERE

I’ve only been covering the cigar industry since the start of 2013. Even in that short time, Estelí has been transformed by the cigar industry. Sure, there’s poverty. But there’s also been a palpable sense of optimism on the street, in restaurants, and in the demeanor of the people you deal with around town.

Maybe the most incredible thing about that is that even in this historical socialist stronghold, that optimism seems rooted not in the protectionist policies of a Marxist regime or trust in a paternal head of state, but in the benefits of living in a town driven by a diverse group of competing entrepreneurs making cigars for consumption in the Yankee free market that Sandinismo demonized and even fought for so long. It’s not just the farms and factories, but the economic development that has come along with all that: hotels, shopping malls, restaurants, transportation, professional services.

If living through all that transformational change — and recognizing that it’s owed in large part to the private sector — kicked Estelí’s residents out of their rigid support for their Sandinista president, his violent response to protests against his policy has turned many to outright opposition.

“[The violent response to protests] swayed a lot of people’s opinions,” Nicholas said. “I think everybody was shocked about how fast it went down. Because of how fast it happened, I tend to think that people were not happy and didn’t express it. Maybe there was a fear of expressing it.”

Estelí’s optimism has given way to an anxiety about what the future holds and what the city and country will have to go through to get there. According to Juan, there’s effectively a self-imposed curfew of 6 p.m. because violent crime has spiked with the diversion of law enforcement resources and a general drop in confidence in those institutions. Other cigar makers have talked about their facilities’ guards being held up at gunpoint and the challenge of keeping squatters off of farmland, where they would set up tent encampments and claim the land was stolen during another period of upheaval.

Meanwhile the relative calm in Estelí is just that — relative. There are protests and mortar fire and even some gunfire and deaths. At one point, protesters began using pavers that cigar makers had just paid to pave certain areas with to shield themselves from police, ripping them out of the ground and creating barricades.

Students light candles during vigil after taking part in the “Walk for Peace and Dialogue” in Managua, where many demand Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega and his wife Vice-President Rosario Murillo step down. Ortega has been under pressure to step down after announcing, then walking back a contentious pension reform plan that triggered days of protests and violence.  (Photo: RODRIGO ARANGUA/AFP/Getty Images)

Students light candles during vigil after taking part in the “Walk for Peace and Dialogue” in Managua, where many demand Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega and his wife Vice-President Rosario Murillo step down. Ortega has been under pressure to step down after announcing, then walking back a contentious pension reform plan that triggered days of protests and violence. (Photo: RODRIGO ARANGUA/AFP/Getty Images)

“No Nicaraguan feels like things are OK right now,” Juan said. ”It’s a trauma that will take some time to recover from, not only in terms of government institutions, but relationships among citizens. There’s a fragmentation of those who are pro and those who are anti, which will be a challenge as we look to rebuild society.”

Efforts to move beyond the fighting have been on a rocky path. For starters, while there seems to be near consensus that things are not OK, there’s stark division among Ortega’s opponents about what to do about it.

“There are some who are more moderate, others who are more radical,” Juan said. “The most radical demand is for the president and vice president to leave tomorrow and for there to be an immediate reconstruction effort. That’s not going to happen. The more likely course would be special elections in 2019, but before that there would be changes in the electorate, in the supreme court, and in the electoral systems. The idea would be for all that to create a clean path for elections.”

In late May 2018, a group of Nicaraguan bishops hosted a meeting intended to lay the groundwork for an ongoing dialogue between the Ortega government and a group of civil society leaders and activists called the Civic Alliance.

The meeting went on for hours, with the Ortega government keeping the focus on (literal) roadblocks set up by its opposition as a sticking point for any progress. The government that had provoked an uprising with violence against protesters called the roadblocks themselves a human rights violation and the head of Nicaragua’s central bank projected that getting stuck in the status quo, roadblocks and all, would lead to a half-point bump in the unemployment rate — from 4.7 to 5.2 percent — and that inflation could increase by as much as 8 percent.

A reasonable case can be made for putting roadblocks on the negotiating table. But when people are dying in the streets at your own hands, it’s hard to see making removal of roadblocks a precondition for any other progress as anything short of intransigent.

I just hope more people don’t have to die.
— Nicholas Melillo, Foundation Cigar Co.

“Initially, what we did was to open a dialogue,” said Wendy. “At first, I had a lot of hope that it might be productive. The government had stopped it’s repression, but it picked up soon after.”

The Church backed out of its mediation role, saying publicly that it would not engage in or facilitate negotiations until it got guarantees from Ortega’s government that there would be an end to violence, repression, and the suppression of dissenting speech. Meanwhile, what the majority-FSLN Assembly has done is create a “Truth Commission” to investigate claims of injury and death during protests throughout the country. Wendy cast the only vote in the Assembly against the creation of that commission. It was approved with 74 votes, all of them from the FSLN.

“It’s tough because early on it just fell apart right away,” said Nicholas of what he sees as the best case scenario for Nicaragua at this point. “I really don’t know. I couldn’t give you a good answer. I just hope more people don’t have to die.”

Whatever path things take, it seems unlikely that this most modern iteration of the conflict between Sandinistas and their opposition can be resolved by anything short of an Ortega exit. What Nicaragua looks like when that time comes seems to depend on how brazen Ortega is willing to be with his opposition and how much of his authoritarian nature that opposition can stomach.

“We’ll keep working as we always have. We have a responsibility to the 3000 workers who depend on us,” said Freddy.

“The ideal would be for the government of Nicaragua to stop responding to these things with violence and for people to return to normalcy and for foreigners to resume visiting the country,” said Juan. “Of course, the ultimate ideal is for this to never have happened, but that’s off the table.”

General cigar adds new extension: Macanudo Inspirado Red

General Cigar is adding an extension to its popular Macanudo Inspirado line. The Macanudo Inspirado Red features an Ecuadorian Habano ligero wrapper around Nicaraguan tobaccos from Ometepe (aged 12 years) and Estelí (aged five years), as well as Honduran tobacco from Jamastrán (aged 10 years).

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“As we celebrate the 50th anniversary of Macanudo, we created Macanudo Inspirado Red to speak to the brand’s unique ability to adapt to the preferences of today’s cigar lovers. Nicaraguan cigars are hot right now,” said José de Castro, vice president of marketing for General Cigar’s Macanudo brand, in a press release. “With ‘Inspirado Red,’ we show how nimble the brand can be by introducing a unique, Nicaraguan-forward blend to the line, while highlighting the expertise of the torcederos from our cigar factory in Esteli.”

Macanudo Inspirado Red, made at STG Esteli in Nicaragua, will be available in late March and come in three formats: a 5 x 50 box pressed Robusto ($6.49), a 6 x 50 Toro ($6.69) and a 6 x 60 Gigante ($7.49).

CAO Honor cigars to raise funds for surfing warriors

CAO announced that it will donate a portion of the proceeds generated by the small-batch CAO Honor to Amazing Surf Adventures' (ASA) Operation Surf, which is "a program benefitting wounded military heroes," according to a press release issued by General Cigar Company.

Specifically, those funds will go to ASA’s 13th Operation Surf event. It'll start today and end October 19. Twenty four wounded active-duty soldiers and veterans from various military branches in the U.S. and U.K. will take part in the weeklong surfing program led by ASA founder Van Curaza and a team of world-class surfers and instructors.

“This donation will provide the funding needed to hold more surf clinics for our active duty military and veteran heroes, thereby allowing us to continue providing a life-changing experience for them, one wave at a time," said Curaza in General's release.

The Nicaraguan-made CAO Honor is a limited-edition cigar packaged in 14-count boxes ($8.50 per cigar or $119 per box).

Registration opens for Nicaragua's Puro Sabor 2016

 

The 5th Puro Sabor Cigar Festival will be held January 12 to 16 in Nicaragua (primarily in Estelí, the country's cigar capital). Early registration for the event is now open, with prices set at $1,800 for dual registrations and $1050 for single registrations. Those rates will increase after September 30.

Organized by the Nicaraguan Tobacco Asccociation, the event will include factory and farm tours, periods of relaxation, rum tastings and cultural events.

Partner manufacturers include recognizable names such as AJ Fernandez, Drew Estate, Joya de Nicaragua, My Father, Oliva Cigars, Padrón and Plasencia (to name just some). Together, these partner manufacturers produce about 95 percent of the country's premium smokes. If you come away from this event without having enjoyed yourself, you just don't like Nicaraguan cigars.

Leaders from Nicaraguan cigar and tobacco companies at the 2015 Puro Sabor Festival  

Leaders from Nicaraguan cigar and tobacco companies at the 2015 Puro Sabor Festival  

 

Pappy Van Winkle’s Family Reserve on the way from Drew Estate

 

Drew Estate announced an exclusive manufacturing agreement with Pappy & Company. Pappy Van Winkle’s Family Reserve will be produced at Drew Estate’s Estelí factory. Blended with tobaccos selected by Jonathan Drew, the medium-plus-strength cigar will feature an Ecuadorian Habano wrapper and Nicaraguan fillers. It is the perfect choice for pairing with any of the Van Winkle bourbon and rye products.

“The finished cigar is the perfect pairing for our family’s whiskeys, and we hope you enjoy them as much as we do,” said Carrie Van Winkle, great granddaughter of the legendary Pappy Van Winkle, in a press release.